On This Day in History: 1810, Start of the Mexican Struggle for Independence
On 16th September 1810, at around 2:30AM, the church bells of Dolores, Mexico, were rung and the local priest, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, made a declaration of Mexican independence (the country was then known as the Viceroyalty of New Spain) from Spain. The trigger for this was that Hidalgo feared arrest, having already planned insurrection with José Bernardo Gutiérrez de Lara. Hidalgo's speech is known as "The Cry of Dolores"
The war of independence took a decade and Hildago was captured and executed in 1811, but he is seen by Mexicans as as the father of their nation